Asthma & COPD
The condition of swollen, inflamed and extra mucosal lung airways upon infections or exposure to allergen is asthma/ bronchial asthma and the epigenetics of asthma varies accordingly. Asthma is long term chronic inflammatory disease of the lung airways caused by any specific allergen (Allergic asthma) or any other genetic / environmental factor (Non-Allergic Asthma) involving symptoms like wheezing, coughing, breath shortness and chest tightness. Research is going in a rapid pace due to increase in the asthma attack cases, mostly in children (Pediatric Asthma). Asthma allergy immunotherapy and several advances in treatment can be discussed in allergy conference like this.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or COPD is a set of chronic inflammatory lung disease. The disease is contributed by Emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Emphysema is the condition in which the alveoli get destroyed and chronic bronchitis is the condition where inflammation of the lining of the bronchial tubes takes place. People who smoke even after having asthma or people who have long term exposure to chemical fumes, vapours and dusts in the workplace, fumes from burning fuel for cooking and heating in poorly ventilated homes are at risk of developing COPD. Rare cause for COPD is genetic disorder: alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency. COPD symptoms don’t appear initially hence research in COPD diagnosis in enhancing as misdiagnosis can increase the risk of COPD in the person cause heart disease, lung cancer and so on.
Types of asthma
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD)
- Pediatric Asthma